Nepotism in Politics


By Archana Pandey from Jamnalal Bajaj School of Legal Studies, Banasthali Vidyapith

India is a democratic and republican country, consisting of different political parties. A political system or relation can be understood as like minded people coming together to form an organization based on similar beliefs to fulfill their needs and wants. A political party is formed to run in a political system of a particular area, where it is in power. Nepotism simply means to take a negative advantage of one’s power to influence or give unfair benefits to one’s own family and friends in the field of entertainment, politics, etc. There is not a single field that has remained untouched by this termite. 


Political Nepotism means basically a tool to provide an unfair advantage of a position to any relative or friend who may not be able to have the ability or capacity to hold that position otherwise. These people find themselves with a leverage of being acquainted with influential personalities. This obviously creates difficulties for the outsiders to make their standing in politics. This type of practice makes the functionaries corrupt and affects the growth and development of the country.

Nepotism can also be called “Favoritism”, giving preferences to only one’s own close ones and denying the real talent and capabilities of others. It creates a disturbance and disruption in the growth of a nation. As per the Indian Constitution, everyone is equal. According to Article 14, there should be no discrimination on the basis of economic conditions or social standing, etc.

Various Disadvantages of Nepotism

  • Promotes corruption: Nepotism only supports the family members and loved ones which enhances the possibility of corruption as people have full control over everything. 
  • Harms leadership: The relevant qualities to lead a party are not inherent or genetic in every person. One’s capabilities and leadership qualities can only be witnessed by their work. So it harms the leadership of the party.
  • Hinders growth: Growth of a nation is dependent upon the capable individuals and Nepotism blocks all the ways for the real achievers. Therefore no real growth could take place.
  • Organizational Incompetency:  The hiring of people depends upon the kinship policy and no real talent is given opportunities to rule and showcase their capability. Therefore some incompetency arrives in the workforce.

Nepotism in India

Before Independence, there was only a single party which had a great amount of power and force to stand against the British rule, the Indian National Congress. The party was headed by Pt. Nehru. The leadership of the Congress party was in the hands of the Gandhi-Nehru family. The best example of Nepotism in politics is the Gandhi family. From the first Prime Minister of India, Pt. Nehru, the chain follows Indira Gandhi, Rajiv Gandhi, Soniya Gandhi, Priyanka Gandhi and Rahul Gandhi. The question is whether these people had the ability to govern India and run the political system or were they in power due to their title, “Gandhi”? In the party, the young leaders who have commendable capabilities to rule the political system are not given that much fame or opportunities, allegedly to save the seat of the Prime Minister for one of Gandhi family’s own—who might not be the most deserving. 

On the other hand, the contrast of Congress is the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) headed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, who was born and brought up in a poor family. Though it cannot be denied that BJP also harbors examples of Nepotism. Every leader wants their offsprings to grab that golden opportunity. For instance, the son of Home Minister Amit Shah. The son of the Chief Minister of Maharashtra, Aditya Thakre is also an example of Nepotism in politics. There are undeniably many other examples of Nepotism in Indian politics.


Nepotism is nevertheless bad for each and every single person because it boycotts the outsiders and the real achievers. Therefore, this problem has to be resolved so as not to kill the opportunities for the ones deserving and for the whole system to move smoothly, handled by the right persons.

A Credibility Test should be done which will give an idea about the abilities and responsibilities of the person who is being considered. The ruler of a country should be elected by the people of that nation. A nation will be successful in achieving growth and development in future depending upon the acts and practices of the ruler who has the power to represent India at world level and has the right to take all decisions. Therefore, the citizens have to take the election seriously and cast their votes in the favor of the person who has the ability to handle those situations and issues related to the nation. Unlike other professions like judicial services, social services, and teaching, all the other professions have a test to check the ability of the person with regards to the work. Every individual has to be aware and determined for the growth of the nation.


Nepotism is wrong, no matter which field is affected because denying the deserving and only supporting loved ones will not satisfy the demands of a position. The society does not have to condone these negative perspectives and activities, and should always boycott Nepotistic practices. There can be an exception if that supported person has the ability to maintain all the conditions, there is no problem with putting up preferences. The bone of contention is regarding the people who are incapable of handling the post. Therefore, there should be a person with abilities that should be better appreciated.



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